- Publication date
- 15 November 2022
- European Commission
Solar fuel or sunlight-to-X technologies convert solar energy directly into chemical energy in the form of liquid or gaseous fuel. The technology is not yet commercialised, and the focus is on R&D and practical demonstration of promising concepts. EU research organisations have a strong role to play and the EU doubled its budget in this area in Horizon 2020.
Clean Energy Technology Observatory Direct solar fuels in the European Union - 2022 Status Report on Technology Development, Trends, Value Chains and Markets,2022 Status Report on Technology Development, Trends, Value Chains and Markets