Biofuels are transportation fuels derived from agriculture, forestry or other organic feedstocks. Bio-ethanol and biodiesel are the most common biofuels used in transport, although other biofuels are also in use, such as pure vegetable oil and biogas.
Bioenergy is produced by means of several technology chains, from the production of biomass – cultivation, harvesting, transportation, storage and eventually pre-treatment – to its use in a conversion process to produce the final form of energy required: electricity, heat, combined heat and power (CHP) or biofuel for transport.
Bioenergy is already the largest source of renewable heating in Europe and biomass plays an important role in power generation. The use of biofuel for transport has risen steadily over the past decade due to significant public support, but potential competition for land between fuel crops and food crops, as well as concerns regarding sustainability issues, are limiting market growth. This has accelerated the need for better forestry and land management practices, as well as the development of more sustainable advanced biofuels.