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European Initiative on Smart Cities

Heat Pumps: Technology Information Sheet

08/01/2015

Heat pumps have been identified as a technology that can contribute to the European Commission's renewable energy and climate targets. Synergies between heat pump technology on the demand side and decarbonisation on the supply side can be exploited to make a significant contribution to reducing CO2 emissions.

A versatile technology, heat pumps can be used to provide space heating and cooling and hot water, all from one integrated unit. Furthermore, heat pumps can be used in hybrid renewable / conventional systems, can store surplus electricity in the form of thermal energy and can integrate and optimise the performance of different energy resources in the electricity grid.