Strategic Energy Technologies Information System

European Initiative on Smart Cities

Energy Efficiency in the Pulp and Paper Industry: Technology Information Sheet


The pulp and paper industry is one of the most energy-intensive sectors of the EU. To improve energy efficiency the industry has invested in combined heat and power (CHP) generation and, in Europe, now produces almost half the electrical energy it consumes. Due to efficiency improvements over the last 20 years, direct CO2 emissions have decreased while paper and pulp production has increased. Potential breakthrough technologies now need to be tested to demonstrate market viability and increase efficiency even further.