Europeans spend approximately 90 % of their time in buildings. Living indoors requires energy to maintain the right temperature, to cook and to use electrical appliances. In fact, energy is expected to guarantee a healthy and comfortable environment. Of all the sectors in Europe, the building sector consumes the most energy, and thus emits the most CO2.
Buildings are responsible for 40 % of the EU’s final energy consumption, the highest share. The majority of energy needs – heating & cooling, appliances, water heating and cooking – are still met by fossil fuels. This crucial sector is therefore given particular attention in the European Commission’s proposal for a long-term strategy (LTS) on greenhouse gas reductions.
The Implementation plan on energy efficiency solutions for buildings (SET Plan Activity 5) was endorsed by the SET Plan Steering Group in November 2018. The implementation working group (IWG) 5 consists of two sub-groups focusing on ‘New materials and technologies for energy efficiency solutions in buildings’ and ‘Cross-cutting heating and cooling technologies for buildings’ and covers a large number of topics.