According to the expectations contained in the National Plans for Renewable Energies, the target is for bioenergy to contribute about 11% of the primary energy consumed in the EU in 2020, or more than 50% of the total primary energy from renewable sources. Furthermore, the share of biofuels by that year should amount to 10%, half of which will come from second generation (2G) biofuels. Additionally, a large part of the expectations to reduce GHG emissions in the EU in the short and long term rely on bioenergy.
In 2012, bioenergy’s contribution was about 8% of the total primary energy consumed in EU countries, which is in line with the planned target. Moreover, in the same year first generation biofuels supplied 4.7% of the transport sector’s needs, representing more than 95% of the target for 2020 for these fuels. However, achieving the goal of biofuels for transport with next generation biofuels is uncertain, since they have not yet reached the commercial stage.
Bioenergy therefore plays a crucial role in meeting Europe´s 2020 targets and in complying with SET-Plan objectives and this will possibly continue to be the case in the coming decades, if the appropriate frameworks and alternatives to exploit its full potential in a sustainable way are adopted.