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Best available technologies for the heat and cooling market in the European Union

Every year, over 40% of the total energy consumed in Europe is used for the generation of heat for either domestic or industrial purposes whereas the cooling demand is growing exponentially. The importance of the heat and cooling sector is underlined in the EU energy policy initiatives. This emphasize the role of technologies based on renewable energy sources combined with high-efficiency energy technologies, to meet the heat and cooling demand in Europe more sustainably in the future. In this context, it is essential to identify the current and future heat and cooling demand and the technologies employed in the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors of the EU.