All Initiatives have addressed a number of common cross-cutting issues that are essential for the successful development of technologies. These issues include public acceptance, human resources and international cooperation.
The transition to a low carbon economy will require the large scale deployment of new types of technology in the EU, which may not be fully known and understood by the public or are associated with controversial issues such as the location of energy generation facilities in general, the utilization of biomass resources, the safety of carbon storage underground, or the safe disposal of nuclear waste. To this end, dedicated activities on public acceptance are envisaged to address the concerns of the public with respect to the roll-out of specific low carbon technologies.
The high penetration of low carbon technologies in the coming years requires a large pool of skilled personnel to secure the foreseen industrial growth. In response to this challenge, a large scale pan-European activity is being planned to create the necessary training schemes, filling the needs of the future technology sectors.
Low carbon technologies have been recognised as a key element for fighting climate change at the global level, hence the coordination of international research and development is crucial. In this context, international cooperation is a key priority of the SET-Plan, which has been transposed into the roadmaps. In particular, several EIIs envisage capacity building and joint research activities in developing economies, such as for building large scale CCS demonstration plants. Knowledge exchange on technology developments, technology transfer or sharing of costly equipment, with developed or emerging economies, either bilaterally or through global institutions may also play a prominent role in many EIIs.