The European Bioenergy Industrial Initiative (EIBI) is one of the seven industrial initiatives of the Strategic Energy Technology (SET)-Plan: Wind, Solar (both concentrated solar and photovoltaic), Carbon capture and storage, Electricity grids, Bioenergy and Nuclear fission. These EIIs supplement two earlier initiatives, which have already been implemented: Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative and the European Fusion research programme.
This EIBI is operated by the "EIBI Team", which brings together representatives of the European bioenergy industry, participating EU Member States and FP7 Associated Countries, and the European Commission. The EIBI was officially launched in Brussels on 15 November 2010. The European Biofuels Technology Platform has played a substantial role in setting up the EIBI.
The EIBI Implementation Plan is centred on the establishment of new public/private partnerships (PPP) for the implementation of demonstration and flagship projects around seven innovative bioenergy value chains.
EIBI Value chains:
- Synthetic liquid fuels and/or hydrocarbons (e.g. gasoline, naphtha, kerosene or diesel fuel) and blending components through gasification;
- Bio-methane and other bio-synthetic gaseous fuels through gasification;
- High efficiency heat & power generation through thermochemical conversion (propose limit e.g.: ?el > 45%);
- Intermediate bioenergy carriers through techniques such as pyrolysis and torrefaction.
- Ethanol and higher alcohols from ligno-cellulosic feedstock through chemical and biological processes;
- Hydrocarbons (e.g. diesel and jet fuel) through biological and/or chemical synthesis from biomass containing carbohydrates;
- Bioenergy carriers produced by micro-organisms (algae, bacteria) from CO2 and sunlight.
Complementary measures and activities:
- Biomass feedstock for bioenergy;
- Set of activities on longer term R&D&D on emerging and innovative bioenergy value chains.
The implementation plan aims at boosting the commercial availability and large-scale deployment of advanced bioenergy technologies, which are considered indispensable to achieve the EU targets of 20% renewable energy in the total energy mix and 10% renewable energy in transport by 2020, whilst complying with the sustainability requirements of the RES Directive (2009/28/EC).
The SET-Plan mapping exercise builds upon the decision of the Steering Group to collectively identify the possibilities for launching joint actions between Member States and the European Commission. It aims to identify gaps and topics for leveraging best on-going efforts with complementary joint actions as prioritized by the Implementation Plans of each European Industrial Initiative.