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European Industrial Initiative on wind energy

European Industrial Initiative on electricity grids

Indicative Roadmap (click on Figure to enlarge)

Strategic objective

To transmit and distribute up to 35% of electricity from dispersed and concentrated renewable sources by 2020 and a completely decarbonised electricity production by 2050; to integrate national networks into a market-based truly pan-European network, to guarantee a high quality of electricity supply to all customers and to engage them as active participants in energy efficiency; and to anticipate new developments such as the electrification of transport.

Industrial sector objective
To substantially reduce capital and operational expenditure for the operation of the networks while fulfilling the objectives of a high-quality, low-carbon, pan-European, market based electricity system.

Technology objectives

  1. Developing and validating advanced network technologies to improve flexibility and security of the network, and to mitigate future capital and operational expenditure. These include new high-power equipment, integration of electricity storage and monitoring and control systems.
  2. Preparing the long-term evolution of electricity grids to ensure the proper investments are made in the coming years to address the requirements of the future portfolio of electricity generation and consumption.
  3. Engaging the active participation of customers in energy markets and energy efficiency through better information about their consumption, incentives such as dynamic pricing mechanisms and appropriate ICT tools.
  4. Elaborating and testing innovative market designs to ensure a proper functioning of the internal market for electricity both at European and local scale.


Structured interactions will be setup with the other industrial initiatives, particularly on wind and solar energy and with the public-private partnerships on green cars and on efficient buildings, to ensure a coordinated development of the appropriate technologies, and where appropriate, to organise joint demonstration activities.

Actions

A balanced research and demonstration programme led by Transmission and Distribution System Operators (TSO's and DSO's) is required that includes in the demonstration part of the programme a set of 20 large scale projects, covering diversified geographical, social and climate conditions, involving a total of at least 1.5 million customers. All the actions will be fully in line with the 3rd Internal Energy Market package.

1.    Network technologies

  • R&D & demonstration activities to validate state-of-the-art power technologies for transmitting and controlling the flow of large amounts of power over long distances and from offshore sources and to develop new monitoring and control systems to ensure the integration of large numbers of variable renewable energy sources while providing the expected power quality and voltage, and to operate pan-European networks in normal and critical conditions. These solutions will also consider the integration of electricity storage and facilitate the introduction of large numbers of electric vehicles.
  • Demonstration activities on solutions for automating distribution network control and operation, including self-healing capabilities. These will increase power quality and reduce operational expenditure

2.    Long-term evolution of electricity networks

  • R&D activities to develop modelling and planning tools for the long-term evolution of the grid, and validating innovative pan-European grid architectures, needed to increase the capacity to transport large quantities of renewable energy from all sources and to develop methods and tools for asset management, for preventive maintenance and for optimising the assets' life cycle.

3.    Active customers

  • Demonstration activities on different solutions to activate demand response for energy saving, for the reduction of peak consumption and for balancing variable renewable electricity generation using visualisation of consumption for consumers, dynamic time of use tariffs and home automation technologies (up to 500000 customer points) and on solutions for smart metering infrastructure to unlock the potential of smart meters as the key to provide detailed information to customers, and to provide benefits to retailers and network operators, identifying regulatory, technical and economic opportunities.

4.    Innovative market designs

  • R&D activities on cross-cutting issues to proposing market designs that provide incentives for all actors to contribute to the overall efficiency, cost-effectiveness and carbon footprint of the electricity supply system to provide inputs to updates of regulatory frameworks to ensure their following the policy and technology developments.

Indicative costs (2010-2020)

These costs exclude thecosts of the generic assets used in the demonstration, estimated in severalbillions euros, paid directly by the balance sheet of the network operators andof other participants.

Technology Objectives

Total (M€)

1. Network technologies

1 200

2. Long-term evolution

100

3. Active customers

600

4. Innovative market designs

100

Total

2 000


This reflects the total sum of the required public and private investments.

Indicative Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

  • Number of customers involved (at least 1.5 million).
  • Greatly increased capacity to host RES electricity from central and distributed sources, (to at least 35% of electricity consumption) including readiness for massive off-shore wind integration.
  • Increased overall quality of electricity supply (by a 2-10% reduction of energy not supplied).
  • Reduced peak to average load ratio (by 5-10%) and thus reduced need for investments.
  • Full integration of customers in market mechanisms promoting energy efficiency and active demand practices.