Research themes and prioritisationTop
Romania’s energy strategy and support programmes seek to use research to improve energy efficiency and increase the use of renewable energy. A recent communiqué from the Ministry of Economy stated that national priorities in the energy sector relate to ensuring energy security, promoting investment to increase electricity production capacity, and developing capacity for renewable electricity production. Electricity from coal is also a priority as the government seeks to balance environmental performance with the realities of the current energy infrastructure.
Organisation of researchTop
Energy research in Romania is based on institutional funding through government agencies.
The National Research, Development and Innovation Plan for the period 2007–2013 (NP II) is the main instrument by which the National Authority for Scientific Research implements its Strategy for Research and Development. Two main programmes of the NP II provide funds for energy research: the Innovation Programme and the Partnerships Prioritising Science and Technology Programme. These programmes’ beneficiaries are SMEs, larger companies, research institutes, universities and public entities such as cities and municipalities.
The Ministry of Economy also supports energy research through the Increasing Economic Competitiveness Sectoral Operational Programme (POS CCE) and Axis II of the Competitiveness through Research and Technology Development and Innovation programme.
Figure 1: Funding of publicly financed energy research in Romania.
Programmes and budgetsTop
In 2012 the government allocated research funds totalling approximately €390 million, an increase of 12 % from 2011. From this budget €336 million was dedicated to research under the programmes managed by the National Authority for Scientific Research.
Table 1: The main energy research programmes in Romania.
* The total research budget for this programme is €1 200 million of which 10% is dedicated to energy-related research.
** The figure corresponds to the total budget of the programme, data on energy-related research can only be found on a project basis.
Programmes and initiatives
Parteneriate in Domenii Prioritare
Partnerships Prioritising Science and Technology is the fourth programme of the Romanian National Plan for Research, Development and Innovation for the period 2007–2013 (commonly referred to as the National Plan II – NPII). NPII is the main instrument by which the National Authority for Scientific Research (NASR) implements the National Strategy for research development and innovation (RDI). Partnerships Prioritising Science and Technology is organised along nine lines of research. The second of these deals with energy, and is called Sustainable Energy Systems and Technologies – also known as Energy Security.
‘Innovation’ is the fifth programme within the National Plan for Research, Development and Innovation for the period 2007–2013 (NP II). This funding scheme is based on annual competitive calls for proposals. Funded projects are implemented under the provisions of Information Packages which are approved through decisions of the President of the National Authority for Scientific Research.
Programul Operational Sectorial „Cresterea Competitivitatii Economice” (POS CCE)
SOP-IEC’s Priority Axis II – Competitiveness through Research and Technology Development and Innovation supports cooperative work between universities and research institutes and enterprises to obtain economically exploitable outcomes. Recent priority areas have been investments in the infrastructure needed for R&D and innovation, providing access to R&D and innovation by enterprises (especially SMEs), and promoting innovation in enterprises.
National govermment departmentsTop
Ministerul Educatiei Nationale
The Ministry of National Education is the state authority for research, responsible for supervising the National Authority for Scientific Research in implementing the National Strategy for Research, Development and Innovation.
The Ministry of Economy is responsible for drawing up the national energy strategy. In 2007 the first National Energy Efficiency Action Plan was developed according to the provisions of Directive 2006/32/EC. Romania has committed itself to cutting final energy consumption by 2.8 million tonnes of oil equivalent (toe) by 2016. This corresponds to an annual average reduction of 1.5 % from 2008 to 2016.
Ministerul Mediului si Schimbarilor Climatice
The Ministry of Environment and Forests coordinates several programmes aimed at stimulating the use of renewable energy sources and clean technologies. The funding was administered through the Environmental Fund Administration, which suspended operations in 2011.
Ministerul Dezvoltarii Regionale si Administratiei Publice
From a technical point of view, programmes and actions aimed at increasing building energy performance are coordinated by the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration.
National research programme management agenciesTop
Autoritatea Nationala de Reglementare in Domeniul Energiei
The public body specialising in energy efficiency is the Romanian Energy Regulatory Authority (ANRE), which is controlled by the Ministry of Economy. ANRE participates in the development of energy efficiency policies and is the institution responsible for policy implementation and monitoring.
Funding organisations at national levelTop
Autoritatea Nationala pentru Cercetare Stiintifica
The National Authority for Scientific Research, under the Ministry of Education, administers activities related to R&D and acts as the implementation agency for the National Strategy on Research, Development and Innovation (2007–2013). NASR is responsible for policy development in R&D and innovation and coordinates several funding programmes. Energy is among the priorities of the National Strategy. The main objectives are to develop clean production technologies for industry, particularly in the transport and energy production sectors, and to support economic and social mechanisms for their implementation.
Unitatea Executiva pentru Finatarea Invatamantului Superior, a Cercetarii, Dezvoltarii si Inovarii
Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI) is a public body under the authority of the Ministry of National Education (MEN). The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation (UEFISCDI) has, among others, the following prerogatives:
- To ensure the executive activity for the consultative councils of MEN with attributes in the domain of higher education, research, development and innovation;
- To ensure administrative coordination of Innovation program of the National Plan II.