ERKC

Energy Research Knowledge Centre

Policy Brochures

The Policy Brochures highlight the policy implications of the results of energy research projects. They are principally designed for policymakers and their advisers within the European institutions and in national and where relevant, regional and local governments.
 
They summarise the current status of research with respect to a specific policy topic, with emphasis on policy implications of results and pathways to future research. They draw together the results relevant to a number of key policy issues, present these in summary form, and use them to discuss the implications of that research for the future development of policy at European and national levels, with analysis of how gaps in research can be addressed.
 
All Policy Brochures follow a standard structure and address in particular the policy background, existing research needs, relevant research programmes and research results and their policy implications. They make policy recommendations for European and national policymakers and identify issues for future research, as well as the implications for the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme and national research programmes.

Since global negotiations on climate change mitigation began, it has become clear that a wide range of clean energy technologies is needed to mitigate the effects of climate change and warrant long-term security of energy supply.

Today, many sustainable energy technologies are on the brink of commercial read more

Industry has many opportunities to save energy cost-effectively. Implementing these opportunities may also deliver various other benefits, such as reduced pollution or improved product quality. Policies to inform, facilitate and incentivise industrial action can further increase these benefits.

The scope of read more

Research on energy in cities shall pave the way to nearly zero or low-energy districts. Measures include the integration and management of the supply of energy with predominant exploitation of local resources (e.g. waste heat, renewables) and the active participation of consumers (e.g. demand side measures). The read more

Social science research is expected to contribute to policy goals such as speeding up the implementation of energy technologies and changing energy-related consumption patterns. Focusing on these two goals, this Policy Brochure aims to be a guide to policymakers, as well as to others who regularly act as ‘clients’ read more

Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. Bioenergy may be derived from a diverse set of feedstocks as primary energy sources. Although biomass is a renewable resource, there are increasing concerns related to its sustainability.

This Policy Brochure read more

The importance of geothermal energy originates from the availability and continuity of the source for heat exploitation, and the fact that it is clean energy which produces low harmful emissions and ensures cost stability for end-users. Furthermore, geothermal energy presents no geopolitical risk and can be used read more

Today, nuclear fission plays an important role in the European energy mix, generating about 30% of the electricity produced in the EU. It is one of the low-carbon technologies and does not contribute to climate change, but it comes with challenges related to safety and the long-term management of radioactive waste read more

Within the dynamic evolution of renewable energy, ocean energy is emerging as an alternative source which may contribute to the EU 2020 strategic goals and, from 2020 onwards, to the EU objectives for 2050. Ocean energy is still at an earlier stage of development than offshore wind.

This brochure aims at read more

Wind energy is developing rapidly worldwide and wind industry has to compete in a global market. In terms of global competition the European wind energy industry is still a world leader (although new strong competitors are arising to contend this leadership.

This Policy Brochure aims to highlight the policy read more

The aim of this brochure is to raise awareness of technologies for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) and of their actual potential to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. In the transition phase towards a fully low-carbon energy economy, CCS can contribute towards meeting the read more

The low-carbon energy system of the future needs to exploit all resources for generation, demand response, storage and interconnections over larger areas, along with synergies between different energy vectors. This energy system will be characterised by high flexibility within each energy vector and with regard to read more

Europe has been the leader in photovoltaic (PV) research and markets over the past decade, with the growth of the photovoltaic industry surpassing expectations. In Europe this industry includes all activities up to PV module production (i.e. the upstream industry) as well as the downstream industry involving PV read more