European Commission

SETIS

Strategic Energy Technologies Information System

SET-Plan Strategic Technologies

18/04/2011

Fossil fuel power plants produce the majority of electricity in the EU, mainly through pulverised coal (PC) combustion. But most pulverised coal plants are over 15 years old and are relatively...

16/07/2012

Bioenergy is produced by means of several chains of technologies from the production of biomass in a sustainable manner – meaning cultivation, harvesting, transportation, storage and eventually...

11/06/2010

Biofuels are transportation fuels derived from agriculture, forestry or other organic feedstocks. Bio-ethanol and biodiesel are the most common biofuels used in transport, although other biofuels...

15/09/2010

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies can be applied to energy production wherever carbon dioxide is produced in large quantities. This includes, but is not limited to, power generation...

18/04/2011

The most important use of cement is in the production of concrete. It acts as the binder that ‘glues’ the other key ingredients of concrete – sand and gravel. Cement typically makes up about 12%...

18/04/2011

Cogeneration is a technique where the production of heat and electricity occurs in a single process or power plant. A modern fossil-fuel power plant transforms about half the primary energy...

11/06/2010

After about a decade of low development, the concentrated solar thermal power sector (CSP) is now reviving, notably due to a favourable supporting framework in Spain and increasing investments in...

29/12/2011

Electricity generated by renewables, such as wind and solar, is based on variable resources. Electricity storage can optimise the energy flows between supply and demand and therefore enable a...

11/06/2010

Fuel cells convert the chemical energy stored in fuels into electricity and heat. They can be fed by fuels that are readily available as well as by waste-streams from industrial processes, thus...

17/02/2011

Geothermal literally means ‘Earth’s heat’. The layers of rock that make up the Earth’s surface grow increasingly hot with depth, from crust to mantle to core, and this heat can be tapped as...

17/02/2011

Hydropower electricity is the product of transforming potential energy stored in water in an elevated reservoir into the kinetic energy of the running water, then mechanical energy in a rotating...

17/02/2011

Ocean wave energy is mostly derived from a transfer of wind energy to the surface of the ocean. Due to the difference of properties in the energy carrier media (water), wave energy is less...

08/08/2012

Nuclear fission energy is a competitive and mature low-carbon technology, operating to high levels of safety within the EU. Most of the current designs are Light Water Reactors (LWR), capable of...

08/08/2012

Nuclear fusion is an attractive long-term energy solution, although it is unlikelythat the technology will be ready for commercial power generation in the near future. Nevertheless, fusion energy...

18/04/2011

Most passenger vehicles still rely on conventional petrol or diesel engines, for which incremental improvements can be foreseen in terms of energy efficiency. Electric motors offer higher...

08/08/2012

Although there is no standard global definition, a smart electricity grid is generally defined as an electricity network allowing devices to communicate between suppliers to consumers, allowing...

27/05/2010

Solar-thermal systems currently installed in Europe (active and passive) are predominantly based on glazed flat plate and evacuated tube collectors. The vast majority of the European capacity (90...

08/08/2012

Solar photovoltaic (PV) energy is a large, rapidly developing industry. Photovoltaic technology is poised to help Europe make good on its goal of sourcing 20% of its energy needs from renewable...

08/08/2012

Wind energy is an attractive alternative to fossil fuels. It is plentiful, renewable,widely distributed, clean and produces no greenhouse gas emissions. Europe is a global leader in wind energy....